Origin of the Breed
The Siberian Husky originated in Russia, where they were bred and raised by the Chukchi people for thousands of years. The Chukchi, a tribe of Siberian nomads, needed dogs that could provide fast, economical transportation over the vast frozen land. Unusually strong and agile, this medium size dog was able to swiftly cover long distances on a minimal amount of food. Known for their gentle nature, the Chukchi dog often served as a soft, furry beds for the tribal children, hence the phrase “three dog night”.
The Siberian Husky is a medium-sized working dog, quick and light on his feet and free and graceful in action. His moderately compact and well furred body, erect ears and brush tail suggest his Northern heritage. His characteristic gait is smooth and seemingly effortless. He performs his original function in harness most capably, carrying a light load at a moderate speed over great distances. His body proportions and form reflect this basic balance of power, speed and endurance. The males of the Siberian Husky breed are masculine but never coarse; the females are feminine but without weakness of structure. In proper condition, with muscle firm and well developed, the Siberian Husky does not carry excess weight.
The most important breed characteristics of the Siberian Husky are medium size, moderate bone, well-balanced proportions, ease and freedom of movement, proper coat, pleasing head and ears, correct tail, and good disposition. Any appearance of excessive bone or weight, constricted or clumsy gait, or long, rough coat should be penalized. The Siberian Husky never appears so heavy or coarse as to suggest a freighting animal; nor is he so light and fragile as to suggest a sprint-racing animal. In both sexes the Siberian Husky gives the appearance of being capable of great endurance.
The characteristic temperament of the Siberian Husky is friendly and gentle, but also alert and outgoing. He does not display the possessive qualities of the guard dog, nor is he overly suspicious of strangers or aggressive with other dogs. Some measure of reserve and dignity may be expected in the mature dog. His intelligence, tractability, and eager disposition make him an agreeable companion and willing worker.
Bred for endurance as sled dogs for native peoples, the husky possesses a strong work ethic. If dogsledding isn’t your sport, your husky can excel at therapy work or search-and-rescue and agility. Huskies need exercise. Your dog can make an excellent companion for jogging or long walks, but you must be careful in hot weather because of his heavy coat. A husky without adequate physical and mental stimulation might become destructive.